The shemagh (kūfiyyah, kūfiyyāt), also known as a (ya)shmagh is a traditional headdress for Muslim men made of a square cloth (“scarf”), usually cotton, folded and wrapped in various styles around the head.  The keffiyeh is commonly found in arid climate areas to provide protection from direct sun exposure, and mouth and eyes from blowing dust and sand.    Here in the States you will usually see the shemagh worn folded into a triangle, and is draped across the top of the head. Some men wrap it into a turban, while others wear it loosely draped around the back and shoulders.