"The effect of the legislated statements of remembrance in repelling grief and anxiety"
These three: Sadness, anxiety, and grief, are all pains which come to the heart.
From that which is known is that between this life and the Hereafter the individual may experience some adversities and some afflictions may befall him. He may be tried with some painful things that will cause him distress and cause heartache and cause a tight feeling within his heart. Perhaps it will bring about for him a lot of sadness, grief, and anxiety.
This sadness or pain, which afflicts the heart, is either connected to past affairs, or it is connected to future affairs, or it is connected to the current affair of the person.
Perhaps the person reflects upon affairs which have passed and things which have missed him, so he feels pain and sadness due to that. Perhaps the pain, which afflicts his heart, is connected to future affairs, so that he fears things which are eminent that he expects to occur. Perhaps the pain is connected to the current state of the person; such as a calamity that has befallen him or descended upon him, so he is distressed due to it. Due to this the scholars say:
“If the pain, which afflicts the heart, is connected with something from the past then it is sadness. If it is connected with something from the future, then it is anxiety. If it is connected to the current condition of the person, then it is grief.”